During the Achaemenid period and Hellenistic period, its capital city was Charsadda, but later the capital city was moved to Peshawar by the Kushan emperor Kanishka the Great in about 127 CE.
It is mentioned in the Zend Avesta as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda.
The barrels of the official pattern Martini-Henry, first used by the British Army in 1871, are much longer.
Two weeks after winning the Turkish constitutional referendum by a modest but decisive margin, president - or perhaps it is now despot - Erdogan decided to take his newly decreed powers for a spin and overnight in rapid succession surprised foreign observers when Turkey decreed that it would ban TV dating shows, fire an additional 4,000 public officials and also ban Wikipedia.
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It encompassed the Peshawar valley and later extended to both Jalalabad district of modern-day Afghanistan as well as Taxila, in Pakistan.
Erdogan's decree also banned several popular TV dating shows, a move that reportedly had been in the worls for months.
The weapons are all too old to be functional, instead serving as classic decor that he often lends to exhibits across the country.
The country's Official Gazette published the decrees on Saturday evening.
The first named thousands of civil servants to be dismissed, including nearly 500 academics and more than 1,000 Turkish military personnel.
"Before this gun, Afghans had to fight by the sword," he says, speaking Farsi, Afghanistan's official language. This is what was used to push back the British Army." The weapon, known as a flintlock Jezail, still has the original barrel and ram rod, with newer additions of mother-of-pearl and lock.
Next, Tawakal shows off a British-made 1863 Tower rifle -- which he offers at 0 -- cradling it around the store as if it were a small child. Then there is a 1860 Enfield priced at 0, an antique Belgian-made Martini Muscat and an antique Martini-Henry.